Wearing masks all day over the past year, it seems many of us have gotten a lot more up close with our breath, and realized that it might not smell that great. While gum or mints can be handy in a bind, they are definitely only a temporary fix for bad breath also known as halitosis. Many people suffer from bad breath. It can cause embarrassment or in severe cases, even anxiety. It can also have an effect on self esteem. Knowing how to treat and prevent bad breath is an important part of overall self hygiene. Below we’ll discuss some common causes of bad breath and how to address them.
Poor Oral Hygiene/Lack of Professional Dental Care
Removing plaque and bacteria twice a day (with brushing and flossing) is imperative to prevent a buildup of odor causing bacteria. At the most basic level making sure you are regularly seeing a dentist and hygienist is important in addition to good home care habits. If food is left in the mouth to break down, that process will also increase odor, which is why removing it daily is essential. It’s also a good idea to use a tongue scraper instead of a toothbrush for tongue cleaning, as it does a better job and the tongue is home to many bacteria. In addition, having a professional dental cleaning regularly, removes calculus where bacteria hide both above and below the gumline. Reducing the overall amount of bacteria will ensure fresher breath.
Nose & Throat Conditions
These common conditions can include post-nasal drip, allergies, sinus infections, acid reflux, tonsillitis or tonsil stones. Tonsil stones are small white/yellow bits of food and debris covered in bacteria that become trapped in the folds of the tonsils. You may notice them becoming dislodged on their own or you may be able to see them upon close examination.
As stated above, gum disease can produce a distinct smell as can other oral infections. These could include an abscess, tooth decay or infected surgical wounds.
Both smoking and smokeless tobacco can contribute to their own special kind of bad breath. These habits also greatly increase the risk of gum disease, which again produces its own halitosis.
If you have ever woken up in the morning and had “morning breath” you can, in part, thank dry mouth. Our mouths dry out during the night, more so for mouth breathers and sometimes with a CPAP machine. Saliva acts as a cleansing agent and helps to maintain a balanced pH in the oral cavity. Other people suffer from chronic dry mouth, read more about that here. If saliva is lacking, the mouth can become more acidic which is a great environment for odor causing bacteria.
While we might not have everything on this list, it’s a good place to start to try and get your bad breath under control. If you notice that you are suffering from halitosis or you’re chewing more gum than normal, it might be a good time to look at your habits. If you feel like you’re doing everything right with your homecare but still can’t get a handle on bad breath odor, please discuss your concerns with Dr. Crane and/or your hygienist at your next appointment!